Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Hennessy Hammock - Deluxe Explorer Asym

Having become intrigued by many exuberant reports of using a camping hammock instead of a tent, I splurged and ordered a Hennessy Deluxe Explorer Asym hammock from Mountain Equipment Co-op. I also ordered a universally recommended accessory, a couple of silicone nylon sleeves called "snake skins" that slide over the hammock ropes and allow you to quickly set up and take down the hammock without letting it touch the ground.

Here's the complete hammock kit next to my usual camping standby, a relatively small 2-person tent.

The hammock kit weighs about 3.5 lbs including carabiners and pegs (more on that shortly), versus about 5.5 pounds for the tent.

The main issue with packing a tent for a two-wheeled adventure is what to do with the damn poles? They certainly don't fit into my Wolfman Expedition soft saddlebags. Ideally they should be wrapped in at least the fly sheet so they don't rattle or slide out sideways onto the trail somewhere. So I end up strapping them cross-wise to my seat, which adds more clutter in a critical area that I'd prefer to keep open. The hammock has no rigid parts which makes it a breeze to stuff into soft luggage.

Setting up the hammock takes only a few minutes and entails first looping a couple of seatbelt-like straps around two conveniently-spaced trees. I used a couple of old carabiners to connect the ends of the straps, which enables using a Garda hitch to attach the hammock rope. The Garda hitch is nifty in that you can easily pull one end to adjust tension, and it stays locked in place. Other hammock users recommend using a couple of climbing descender rings in the same configuration, but that adds unnecessary weight and cost in my opinion. You could also use a clove hitch on one 'biner at each end.

For the Garda hitch, it's a good idea to add a simple back-up knot as shown, so the Garda doesn't slip. (In a climbing application I'd reverse the gates of the 'biners for safety, but that's not necessary here.)

Pulling the ends to not-yet-tight brings the hammock into position. Since it'll sag once you put your weight on it, now's the time to adjust tension and height so the hammock can work as both a comfy seat and bed. There are two side-lines on the hammock that can also be staked out to the ground but I didn't bother this time.

Attaching the fly means just clipping the two ends and pulling the ends tight. In this pic, you can see the snake skin in idle position over the rope. As a bonus, the snake skins provide an additional barrier to rain running down the rope and potentially into the hammock.

Staking out the fly with two pegs gives it an adjustable profile to meet weather needs. The nice thing about the fly design is it also creates a nice covered area under the hammock where you can store your boots or other gear out of the rain. Larger flies are available, but the stock version seems adequate except perhaps in horizontal rain. 

Overall this is a pretty stealthy setup that becomes all but invisible when set up in the woods and leaves no trace when taken down. Also, eliminating the need for a flat, drained site opens up many more options for camping.

Now the big question: what's it like to be inside the hammock? Although I haven't had a chance to sleep in it yet, I can say that it's surprisingly comfortable. The trick is to lay in it diagonally, which puts your body flat. The fabric bunches up under tension and it takes some minor getting used to having the hammock form a cocoon around you, but it also allows some give. Turning to rest on your side is not a problem. Other hammock users almost universally report how much more comfortable it is to sleep in than a tent, because it naturally removes pressure points.

The "Deluxe" model is 6" longer than the standard Explorer and suitable for taller guys like me (6'-1") and up to 300 lbs. It also incorporates a zippered entrance versus the Velcro version of the model down. Staking out the sides would allow a bit more room to form naturally, but it's easy enough to make room just by pushing on the sides.

I haven't tried putting a sleeping pad inside yet, but this is highly recommended for cooler nights since the exposed bottom of the hammock naturally promotes the loss of body heat. My pad of preference is a 3/4 length Thermarest which folds up smaller than the hammock. We'll see how well it conforms to the inside of the hammock and maintains its position under me during sleep.

Taking down the hammock is quite simple with the optional snakeskins: leaving them mounted on the ropes allows you to just bundle the fly and hammock into a tube without it touching the ground.

The slippery silicone nylon weighs practically nothing and slides easily over the hammock materials.

The result is basically a long turd floating in space.

This is easily coiled into the stuff-sack or your saddlebag. 

Total take-down time is a couple of minutes.

I'm very curious to see how this rig is to sleep in. Hopefully there'll be a chance to give it a more thorough test before winter hits. Obviously it's not a couples solution, but then I usually ride alone so that's not a problem. Looking forward to updating this review! 

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Economic impacts of mountain biking

Fantastic overview of the latest insights drawn from multiple studies.

Pinkbike Study

Short version? Mountain biking is a tourism bonanza.

Now, if only we can get our politicians to read this!

Saturday, August 13, 2016

Exploration: Round Algonquin Park (RAP)

The lure of a multi-day adventure ride becomes irresistible for many dual-sport riders. Last year’s Roaming Rally 2015 was my first real opportunity to put family and work obligations on hold and explore routes beyond the horizon of my usual day-long sorties from home.

The rally also proved to be a serious test of my riding skills. The speed and agility of my two much more experienced teammates—besides schooling me in proper technique—pushed me to my limits in being able to keep up. There was no time for pictures! Route-finding, technical challenges, and daily distance necessitated a hectic, exhausting pace to complete both days of the rally. On reflection I was amazed that both my WRR and I survived with only a little wear. But the hook was set.

This year my goal was to repeat the Rally’s thrills of discovery and self-reliance, but at a slower pace that would allow me to savour the experience and, yes, take pictures. As a starting point for choosing a route, the Trans-Canada Adventure Trail (TCAT) has always intrigued me. It also conveniently passes through my town of Almonte just west of Ottawa, and formed part of the Roaming Rally 2015. Jumping onto the TCAT would save some effort in plotting a route and initially I considered following it east up into Quebec. But this would likely take longer than the three days I had available to me. Heading west on the TCAT, under Algonquin Park and up towards North Bay, seemed more achievable, and that led to the idea of circumnavigating the park.
The “Round Algonquin Park” (RAP) concept has its roots in a classic snowmobiling ride that’s a well-known winter attraction. Borrowing heavily from the sled route, dual-sporters have come up with various options that can be ridden in summer. I stitched together some ideas using Garmin BaseCamp and Google Maps to come up with a route that I hoped could be completed in three days starting from Almonte. About three quarters of the trails were unknown to me, although I was generally familiar with the region south of Algonquin Park. West and north of the park would be pure discovery for me. There were lingering questions about whether many sections were passable. I’d just have to ride them to find out.

My original plan was to have one or two other riders join me, but unavoidable changes in my vacation schedule meant the other guys couldn’t make it. So I ended up riding the full 1300km solo over three days. Each day entailed about 12 hours of riding in one of the hottest summers we’ve had on record, with humidex pushing temps into the low 40’s. The terrain was a challenging mix of rocky Canadian Shield, powdery sand, and loose gravel forest access roads, with a total 17,000m of elevation gain/loss. Several sections of slab to connect trails initially seemed undesirable, but I grew to welcome them as a break from all the off-road pounding.

As a safety consideration I left copies of my planned GPX route with various family members and vowed to check in regularly, e.g. at fuel stops. However, several sections were either unrideable (e.g. closed) or I simply missed a turn thanks to some GPS routing issues that I described in an earlier post. In any case, if you trim off the obvious back-tracking and dithering, the actual route I took proved to be a great option for dirt-oriented bikes under 650cc, and is probably closer to 1150 km. This is not a route for larger adventure bikes and full-knobbies are essential. While trail conditions were almost entirely powder-dry along the entire route (except for torrential downpours over the last four hours), it was clear that in wet weather there would be many sections with shallow water crossings and extended riding in mud. 

Fuel stops abound along the way and the longest run I had was about 135 km when my low fuel light (stock 7.2L tank) came on as I arrived at Bancroft. I carried an extra 4 litres of fuel (100km) in a RotoPax and I never dipped into it, instead topping up my tank at every opportunity.

It’s also important to note that you can’t rely entirely on Google Maps or Garmin’s Backroad GPS Maps to identify a passable route. I found several cases where trails shown as major routes in the maps did not exist, were overgrown or otherwise impassable, or not shown on the maps at all but were clearly the main route. The final route I took was well travelled and should be reliable other than where wet conditions may create new challenges.  

The route is published here as a Garmin Adventure, but I've found this service to be a little flaky and it doesn't always seem to do what you tell it. Hopefully the GPX is downloadable.   

Day 1: Almonte to Huntsville

My route aims further south than the TCAT for much of the day, to connect with the positively-reviewed Pencil Lake trail about mid-way. Leaving on a Wednesday, I expected to see more traffic but the roads were zombie-apocalype deserted. It’s great having paved roads all to myself, because the gearing I’ve put on my WRR makes exceeding 90 km/hr a real buzz-fest and I don’t like being “that guy” holding up traffic. But the lack of traffic also heightened the sense of remoteness. Be prepared for a long walk to help if something goes wrong.

Mix of quiet rural paved and gravel roads through rolling terrain. Gas station in Hopetown had a classic scene of old-timers in work clothes drinking coffee and chatting around a beat up table. Last chance for gas until Ompah.

Bush roads and gravel roads give way to pavement along the 509. Don’t despair at the pavement—you’ll follow it for a while longer and at least it’s pretty. 

There was a nifty old stone-crusher near Snow Road Station. 

Ompah-Ferguson Corners
I had plotted an off-road route from just south of Buckshot Lake to Ferguson Corners, but didn’t find the entrance where the maps suggested it would be and ended up continuing on the paved road rather than lose more time. It’s too bad, because I’ve mountain biked through this area before and know there are some good bush trails. Will need to investigate again and confirm a good route.

Ferguson Corners-Bancroft
This is a long section of remote bush roads that’s more technical than anything so far, and a lot of fun to ride. Knobbies highly recommended. This was one area where Google and Backroad Maps don’t align well with reality, but if you follow my track you’ll be fine. Terrain is sandy in places with exposed rock and lots of washouts on climbs/descents. You can get a truck into all of it should rescue be needed.

On Hartsmere Rd. you need to turn left onto Missippi Rd, which isn’t marked as such and is signed instead as a Forest Access Road immediately after you cross a bridge. It’s easy to miss this turn because the Forest road doesn’t look like much and appears to end in the swamp. However, it turns into a great ride all the way to Quirks Rd. Quirks was posted as hosting a rally road race. Not sure what kind of cars would handle it—it was pretty rough and narrow.

The TCAT follows 28 out of Bancroft, but I followed a scenic route on a mostly gravel road north of the 28 which was worth the detour and avoids some slab. Then it’s slab again before you hit a long section of dirt at Eels Lake Rd., which leads into the Pencil Lake route. This was the most technical section of the entire RAP and, combine with its remoteness, probably poses the most risk. Pencil Lake follows a snowmobile trail that sees heavy year-round use. It’s well worn with many washouts, sections of exposed rock, and mud areas which mercifully were dry when I passed through. It would be a real grind in the wet.

One notable swamp (remarkable because it appeared deep when everything else had dried up) has a bypass route off on the North side that is technically challenging. Here I ran into the first ATVers I’d seen all day, who were slowly picking their way up the steep, rooty and rocky pitch. You have to gun it and go on a motorbike. Fortunately I was able to wiggle through without hitting anything or coming off.

This whole section was probably the roughest of the entire RAP and the one least suited to large DS bikes. If you bypassed it, you could probably do the rest of my route on a larger bike, if you took your time.

My intended route aimed north from White Lake but somehow I missed the turn and popped out on the 503 further south. Just north was a nice picnic stop at Furnace Falls, where several people were enjoying a swim. The Old Irondale Rd. sent me back into the bush before a straightforward finish into Minden.

Shortly after leaving Minden is an unavoidable long and boring section of slab on the 118. Watch for the sneaky turnoff onto Black River Rd. This winds north and eventually reconnects with Old Wagon Rd. near Goodman Lake, but the map doesn’t show these roads connecting. In fact, it’s an area with a lot of active logging and there are many new roads not shown on the maps. I got lucky and connected with Old Wagon Rd. no problem. Old Wagon itself is a rough, dark and rugged track that must’ve frustrated many a pioneer. Could be interesting to take it right from where it starts at Black River Rd. to the south.

Baysville has some good eats at Miss Nelle’s cafĂ©, just around the corner from the Lake of Bays Brewing Company, which has great craft beer. Lots of money in this town. The teen at the gas station had a WRX and we admired each other’s bikes.

It was a no-brainer from Baysville to where I stayed at our family’s rustic cabin on Lake Solitaire (no public access) but there are many other camping/motel options in the area.

That night I made the mistake of turning off my iPhone. I couldn’t remember the passcode (which I’m required to change often and without warning), which unfortunately meant that I couldn’t take pictures for the next two days of the trip. Looks like I’ll have to repeat the route with a real camera!

Day 2: Hunstville to Mattawa

Huntsville-Seguin Falls
I followed the TCAT closely for the next few hours. However, since I’d bypassed Huntsville, I had to make a short detour to Novar just north of Arrowhead Provincial Park on Hwy 11 to gas up my bike and my body. There’s a depressing little grocery store/gas pump where beef jerky, granola bars, and bottled water were the best options.

From here to Mattawa the RAP passes through predominately sandy soils peppered with large rounded rocks left by the glaciers. In dry conditions you’re riding in fine powder, and you really have to be on the ball to not wipe out or whack a half-buried boulder. For instance, just before Novar you follow a lumpy ATV trail that traverses some ledgy rock outcroppings and lots of sandy washouts. I missed a shift going up a climb, stalled out, and dropped my bike on the right side as it slid backwards, bending the foot peg. There’s a fine balance between givin-er to get up something, and not cratering your loaded bike on a sharp ledge that could puncture your tire or bend your rim. This section, although short and easily bypassed, would’ve been challenging on a heavier bike.

Initially the TCAT follows an old rail bed now called the Seguin Trail. A permit is required to ride this trail. Since it mostly parallels the main road (518) and consisted of endless sandy whoops, I opted to stick with the road, which also allowed me to enjoy the scenery a little more.

This whole area embraces beautiful pine and spruce forests and a fascinating history. By around 1850, pioneers had pretty much filled up the prime lands granted in southern Ontario and the Crown was looking for new areas to populate with immigrant waves of Scots, Brits, Irish, and United Empire Loyalists from the United States. Several government settlement roads were pushed north into what was called the Ottawa-Huron tract between Lake Huron and Ottawa, one of which was the Nippissing Road. Despite remarkable efforts to build towns in the wilderness, the land was poor for agriculture and it could not sustain the vision. The opening of the prairies to settlement by around 1875, combined with the advent of railways to facilitate the extraction of timber in the region, sealed the demise of the fledgling communities. Today little remains but ghost towns and abandoned railbeds.

Following the Nipissing Road was one of the high points of the tour, and it’s a section I’d like to repeat with my copy of Ron Brown’s “Ghost Towns of Ontario” to gather more perspective on the sights.

In Magnetwan, your only option for premium gas is the marina on a side road south of the bridge coming into town. There’s regular gas only available a few kilometers north of town at the intersection of 520 and 124.

Magnetawan-South River
The section of the Nipissing Rd. north of Magnetawan is a rough track, probably more faithful to the condition of the original road. It’s well worth the trip.

Eagle Lake is a classic northern Ontario beauty with golden sand beaches and pine forests. There’s a little general store with gas and burgers just across the spit that bisects the middle of the lake. It’s also a good place for a swim.

South River-Powassan
My original route bypassed Trout Creek and aimed north on what my maps showed to be Genessee Lake Road. However, at the turnoff indicated on my GPS, there was no obvious road. It’s likely the indicated road was an old, disused forest road that has since become overgrown. Several other promising forest roads headed north in the vicinity, but I was concerned about time and didn’t explore. This was unfortunately, but soon I found myself in Trout Creek facing several kilometers of stressful riding on the four-lane Hwy 11 to reach Powassan. There has to be a better option though some of those forest roads.

Although the track east of Powassan is straight, the route is quite scenic and rolling, following agricultural backroads with the forested highlands looming close to the south. This is pretty much the most southerly route east before you enter those highlands, and it’s easy riding for any bike.

Optimistically, I attempted to follow the winter RAP route where it cross the Amable du Fond River just north of the eponymous provincial park. You can see diversion clearly on the track. Initially it follows a wide gravel road through sandy terrain, that soon becomes a rough road where active logging was being carried out. It was somewhat reassuring knowing there was potential help nearby, although I had to be careful watching for logging trucks and giant War-of-the-Worlds-like tree-cutting machines. The logging road soon devolved into a grassy trail that clearly didn’t see much (if any) summer use by ATVs. That’s usually a sign it isn’t passable and I’d already plotted a bypass, but I wanted to check it out. At one point the trail descended a steep slope down to the river. Recent rain had washed it out heavily, and the deep ruts were filled with soupy quicksand. It was the worst section of trail I’d seen yet. Of course, foolishly I decided to head down it.

After basically sliding down about 100m, I accepted this was a dumb plan and resisted my curiosity to go just a little bit further and hopefully see the river. Good thing, because I had stopped at a somewhat level area where I could make a 10-point turn to face back uphill and have a run at the quicksand. Next came one of my proudest moments, where I gunned it in first gear and roosted my way all the way to the top like a total motocross stud, jumping 2-foot deep ruts, plowing through the soup, and narrowly avoiding trees on either side while keeping balanced on a fully-loaded bike. It would not have been possible without full knobbies and it could’ve ended so badly!

Safely at the top, there was no question of looking for another way over. I retraced my steps to go around this whole section, a significant detour that was also a whole lot safer.

Another dead end proved to be my original plan to take Bronson Lake Road south. This ends at a gravel track with a sign stating the route’s closed, although there was some indication of ATV use. It had been a shot in the dark anyway, so again I retraced my steps and followed Homestead Road.

By this point I’d noticed that the Backroad Maps loaded on my GPS showed an “Algonquin Dual-Sport Route”. It’s kind of hidden behind other map data, so you can’t really see the route unless you scroll and notice the colour appear when the screen redraws. I was now torn between following this recommended route, and sticking with my made-up route which happened to coincide with the programmed route. What happened next in Mattawa sealed my decision.

Given the heat and my fatigue after 12 hours on the pegs that day, I’d decided to look for a room at the Valois motel in Mattawa rather than camp as planned. Arriving in Mattawa, there was a short section of trail that crossed the tracks and came out at the motel. I took the shortcut but after descending the rocky, washed out trail, the end was blocked by a parked train. After turning around I managed to drop my bike on the right side when I stalled trying to get started up the steep washout. No problem, pick up the bike and start again. However, when I put down my left foot to balance, it met nothing but air. Hidden in the raspberry bushes to my side was a 5-foot deep ditch full of washed out boulders and sand. I tipped over right into the ditch, landing upside down with the bike falling on top of me, wedging me in the bottom. Here I was, just a stone’s throw from my hotel, watching fuel leak out onto me from my bike which was completely inverted.

I managed to wiggle out from under my bike, thanks to my soft side bags which made a little space. Amazingly I didn’t seem to be injured other than a banged thumb and left thigh (ATGATT FTW!). However, the trail was now up around neck height and I had no idea how I was going to get my bike out. I trudged back up the trail to where some houses were, but didn’t see anyone around. Then I saw a kid who was out on his mountain bike had discovered my bike. He offered to help. After unloading as much gear as I could reach and fishing out a rope that I tied to the front wheel, he was able to hold the front wheel enough to prevent it from slipping back while I bench-pressed my bike out of the ditch.

By this point I was completely heat-exhausted (temps were in the high 30’s) and the motel was mandatory. No damage to the bike except a small scratch in the mirror and a scuff on the turn signal. After letting it sit upright for a while, it fired right up and I head to the motel. A cold shower, beer, and schnitzel never felt so good!

Day 3: Mattawa to Almonte

Mattawa-Deep River
After yesterday’s excitement I was feeling a little stiff and slightly more risk-averse. Rather than follow my original planned route, I decided to follow the Algonquin Dual-Sport route indicated in my GPS. This proved to be a great decision, as it took a spectacular route along forest roads that allowed me to enjoy the ride without having to worry so much about the route. This section is highly recommended.

My original route had a longer section of dirt rather than bail out at Hwy 17, but I needed a break from the dirt and opted for some slab and having to pull over every so often to allow cars to pass.

A detour south onto Moore Lake Road was interesting. This is another place where the maps don’t match reality. My track follows a well-travelled route used for the winter RAP and ATVs, that doesn’t show on the map. There’s probably a way to connect this further to avoid hitting slab again, but I didn’t feel confident getting too far off the path in this area while riding solo. Somewhere along here a bear ran across the trail in front of me. There was lots of evidence of bears on this trip!

Deep River-Petawawa
There do not appear to be any feasible dirt routes through this area, so I stuck with the highway, which the Algonquin Dual-Sport Route also indicated.

The military exclusion zone around Petawawa precludes bush routes that otherwise seem viable from just looking at the map. You’re pretty much restricted to the track I took, which follows the Algonquin Dual-Sport Route and is actually quite nice.

I deviated from the Algonquin route along Round Lake Road, heading south along some great ATV/snowmobile trails that I hoped would connect me to Golden Lake. This is another case of reality not matching maps, and I had to do a little retracing to find a route. However, the track I ended up taking (minus the deviations) is an excellent route and could be ridden by larger bikes with knobby tires, although probably not too fast.

The threatening storms finally caught up with my when leaving Killaloe, and I spent the rest of the ride in hail, torrential downpour, and mud. It was a blast though.

The section from Killaloe to Griffith followed the Roaming Rally 2015 route and is highly recommended for all bikes. It entails many steep hills, some with great views of the surrounding countryside. The trails are in excellent condition, appearing to have been recently rebuilt. Despite the rain, the section from Kargus in particular was pure dual-sport riding joy. By the time I arrived in Griffith for a gas stop I was thoroughly soaked and squelching in my boots like some road-warrior reject, but at least I was riding. A bunch of Harley riders had parked across the road and were waiting out the rain in their muscle shirts, jeans, and beanie helmets.

From Griffith there’s a great trail through the bush that comes out on Morrow Road. I’ve taken it many times, but this time I was just aiming to get home by the fastest way possible. Thanks to my phone being bricked, I’d been out of touch with family for two days and they would start to worry if I didn’t make it back by dark.

The little WRR proved to be a tank and well-suited to the adventure. Along the way I got many surprised reactions from people when they learned I was riding around the park on such a small bike. It would’ve been nice to have a little more power and speed for some sections (especially on the highways), but it certainly wasn’t a deal-breaker. Likewise for fuel capacity. At each fuel stop I needed a break anyway. My tires, an MT21 on the front and D606 on the rear, were perfect and seemed to have held up much better than the Scorpion Pro FIM and K760 I rode on the Roaming Rally.

 My only regret is not being able to take pictures on days 2 and 3. Next time!

Update September 21, 2017

Here's the next time, with more pictures and double the distance. 

Sunday, August 7, 2016

Garmin 64st GPS, RAM mount, and mapping comments

The 60cs handheld GPS I've been using for about the last ten years finally crapped out and had to be replaced. Two years ago it came loose on a fast ride and hit the pavement at 100 km/hr, causing some kind of internal brain damage that made the unit randomly fade out and turn itself off except when connected to an external power source. That became a real nuisance (and potential risk) which I didn't want to deal with on an upcoming adventure ride (Round Algonquin Park - ride report coming soon).

It was hard choosing a new GPS: I was set on Garmin because I like their mapping tools (BaseCamp) and have found their hardware to be well made--if a little antiquated compared to even an average smart phone. The problem is Garmin offers far too many models where only minor software features differentiate many units. Most models contain a lot of unnecessary crap that is poorly designed from a usability perspective, and truly important features are either hard to use or left out altogether. The motorcycle-specific models are ridiculously overpriced: I refuse to pay ~$1100 for a device that has far less capability than a high-end smart phone that costs less. I also considered modifying a cheap car unit, but these typically lack the backcountry capabilities like displaying topo info that I want. 

So I settled on buying the updated version of my old model, now called the 64st, where the "t" refers to the splurge upgrade option for built-in detailed topo maps. There are many exhaustive reviews of this GPS online, so I'm not going to repeat that here except to add some observations based on my experience with both the older and newer models. 

First, the 64st has a significantly redesigned UI compared to its grandpa. It offers some ability to customize what screens display and in what order, as well as what details appear on each screen. This is good. However, the UI designers made a number of pointless animations and other "enhancements" that interfere with using the device efficiently. The most obvious and annoying of these is when pressing the Page button to scroll to the next screen (e.g. from Map view to Settings). There's a delay of a couple seconds while the screen animates the next view before expanding and showing it. This makes it tedious and slow to scroll through screens, especially if you're riding and quickly want to go back and forth between the Trip stats screen (speed, odometer, time, etc.) and the Map screen. Yeah, yeah, shouldn't play with the device while riding... but this is something I used to be able to do by touch, and then quickly verify through my peripheral vision. Now I have to look at the device for longer. There's more pointless interference like this throughout the design, and overall I'm not very happy with the combination of "improvements". Most seem to have been made for the sake of newness rather than making the device more functional or usable. Garmin either needs to hire User Experience designers with better skills, or let the ones they do have apply best practices that have long since been established in other industries. 

Although the 64st comes with a built-in shaded topo map of Canada, for my dual-sport riding needs I also sprung for the Backroads map on SD card. Backroads makes a series of generally excellent maps that cover all the little nooks and crannies worth exploring, and include many other details like snowmobile trails, dual-sport trails, hunting zones, and indications of Crown and private lands. It's worth carrying a printed version of the maps too. Backroads make them available printed on a tough plastic substrate that holds up well to trail abuse. Scrolling through the tiny, 1990's-resolution screen of the 64st is technically possible but not very helpful. It's a lot easier to find routes in the larger printed format. 

Another bonus is that the Backroads maps are officially supported by Garmin, so they are easily readable in Garmin's free BaseCamp software which I highly recommend for plotting adventures and reviewing tracks. However, there are some bugs in the maps that are hard to work around in BaseCamp. For instance, sometimes roads are shown as separate segments even when they should be contiguous. This is probably the result of how Backroads' mapping software automatically plots the map data. The problem is that when you try to create a route in BaseCamp that crosses one of these discontinuities, BaseCamp treats the discontinuity as impassable and plots a wild course around it. This is also a significant problem when using the 64st to follow a route you've defined and downloaded from BaseCamp: if you're not already on the route, the Garmin routing algorithm can sometimes go berserk and plot a course down a zillion side-roads. This problem isn't apparent if you're zoomed in--you only see that you're on the pink route. But if you zoom out, you see the spaghetti route and obviously something's wrong. This happened to me several times on my RAP adventure. 

I soon got into the habit of frequently zooming out on a route to make sure the algorithm hadn't gone berserk and sent me down some random path. Sometimes I found I needed to cancel my navigation altogether and re-load the route I was trying to follow, forcing the 64st to recalculate my path correctly. This is actually a significant software bug that is shared between the creators of the map datum (e.g. Backroads) and the routing algorithm designers at Garmin. 

Bottom line is that the routing feature is handy if well-planned, but don't rely on it to send you in the right direction. You need to double-check on paper or through other methods frequently to avoid potentially problematic wrong turns. It would be great if the planned (and downloaded) route never changed, and any routing changes calculated by the device showed up as a different colour so you could clearly see when you're deviating from the desired path. 

There's lots more to be said about using the combo of Garmin, BaseCamp, and Backroads effectively that could form the basis of a book. Email me if you have specific questions.

My order from GPSCity included a RAM mount cradle for the 62/64 series, arm, and triple-clamp bolt fixture for the arm. When I finally received everything on the eve of my big trip, I discovered that the cradle doesn't include a ball mount on the back. That's a separate part to order. Since there was no time to try to find one, my only option was to make one. Off to the lathe!

An aluminum table leg served as the raw material which I freehand-turned into a rough 1" ball. This is not precise machining--I had very little time to make something that did the job, so I could finish packing, tuning my route in BaseCamp, and setting up my GPS. 

Some filing and trimming made the ball look a little better, although I left it a bit rough to reduce slippage in the RAM arm. I also added some relief on the base to allow the ball to pivot in the RAM arm.

Next, I bored out a recessed hole for a 6mm bolt. 

After parting it off and some quick cleanup, the bolt fits great.

Now I needed to make a baseplate to attach the ball to the GPS holder. I rubbed some marker on the holder and then pressed it into paper to make a template, then transferred that to some 1/8" 6061 aluminum plate I keep on hand for projects like this. The aluminum was easy to cut with a jigsaw and a fine blade.

After some quick filing and drilling, the plate fit just fine with no sharp edges. 

Assembly time!

Everything fit perfectly and gripped well with the official RAM components. Just to be sure, I sprayed some bed liner rubbery stuff onto the ball for a bit of extra grip. 

As I discovered later, the cheesy little roller arm that facilitates mounting the GPS in the holder has a tendency to fall out. I got maybe 5 installation/removals before I lost the roller somewhere on the ground. RAM, you really need to fix this! Meanwhile, back to the lathe to make a more robust replacement from some scrap 1/8" threaded brass tubing I had salvaged from old electronic equipment.

First I turned it to length, then I filed a taper in the middle to match the shape of the GPS. 

This fit some tiny machine screws I had also salvaged, which I installed with blue Loctite to prevent them from vibrating out. Although my roller doesn't turn in the mount, the brass is slippery enough that the Garmin can slide right over it into place. And there's no way this roller is going to fall out! 

Making the ball mount took me an hour, and I spent another 45 minutes fiddling with different ways to make the roller from materials I had on hand.  Cheaper and faster than buying what I needed. 

Next up, putting the GPS in action on the Round Algonquin Park trip!